Country report for Albania - Mobility of healthcare workers from Western Balkans


September 17, 2015 Healthgrouper (Tirana, Skopje)


Executive summary

This country report, present the findings for Albania during the one year research. We give an overview of the health system in Albania, the challenges that the system is facing, the results from the interviews and from the conducted Survey. In this country report, we also present the policies and regulations behind the process of migration.

The results from the research conducted among the Albanian doctors showed that the most frequently mentioned "push" factors in order to move abroad were:  low wages, lack of job satisfaction, and lack of possibilities for further education and career development, and poor working conditions. The most frequently mentioned "pull" factors of countries abroad are: more attractive salaries, possibilities for professional development, professional work environments, proper management, equipment, tools and facilities that are more conducive to advanced practice and procedure, and sensitive employment policies that recognize good performance. 

The best policies that can improve healthcare system situation in Albania should focus on addressing the “push” factors that motivate healthcare workers to emigrate. Increasing salary, improving working conditions and opportunities for professional career of healthcare personnel would almost certainly decrease the interest to leave. Consideration of motivation and satisfaction of healthcare professionals would influence job satisfaction and quality of health care. Improved remuneration and creation of incentives is one factor could contribute to brain gain and returning health workers to their home countries. Dialogue and negotiation between policy makers and healthcare associations should be strengthened.

Health workers migration is a serious condition that requires timely intervention from the concerned authorities. If appropriate measures are not taken, there will be serious consequences for healthcare system and population health.

Project coordinator and main researcher: Vladimir Lazarevik
Researchers for Macedonia: Neda Popovska Kamnar, Blashko Kasapinov, Sanja Spasova
Researchers for Serbia: Maja Krstic, Miljan Lubichic
Researchers for Albania: Ardita Kongjonaj, Gazment Koduzi
Researchers for Kosovo: Teuta Demjaha Agai, Vlera Shpatia


This country report has been prepared in the framework of the Regional Research Promotion Programme in the Western Balkans implemented by University of Fribourg upon a mandate of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

The views expressed in this press release are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent opinions of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the University of Fribourg.